corky carroll : the curl line, 1967
Importantly Carroll does emphasise the blending of a series of manoeuvres in to a "continuous flow," and as such the article could be viewed as a a mid-point between Bob McTavish's ground breaking articles of January 1967 and 1968.At the beginning of 1967, McTavish presented a detailed catalogue of manoeuvres "to get involved... in a hairy position, under, in over, around the curl, quite often in contact with it;" hence, later often referred to as the Involvement School.
Carroll, 1966 USSA and U.S. National Champion, analyzes a
new trend in surfing and compares it with the old style.
He talks about a line of riding reference and how it relates to progressive styles.
"the curl line"
by Corky Carroll
performers of surfing these days are developing a stylish
technique that uses the curl every second they are with the
I call this technique "riding the curl line" because the surfer bases every move on the speed and direction of the curl as it moves toward the beach.
Of course, surfers always have used the breaking portion of the wave as a reference point for maneuvers.
However, in the traditional style of yesterday, the surfer criss-crossed back and forth across the wave's face moving away from the curl and occasionally cutting back toward it.
Usually, the surfer's direction was parallel to the beach while the wave was breaking at a diagonal angle toward the shore.
Today's surfer has evolved a technique so he moves in the direction of the curl- on both sides of it- and becomes part of the wave itself.
This technique has a great deal in common with skiing.
The "fall line" is a skiing term meaning the steepest, most direct route down the mountain.
A skier bases his moves around the fall line by maneuvering around it according to the speed at which he wishes to travel.
Surfing has a fall line, too- straight down the
But because in surfing the "mountain" is moving, surfing has a different line of riding reference- the curl line.
Surfers have adapted a technique of surfing around the curl line in order to control the tempo of their riding.
Much as a skier uses a series of short turns to slow himself down, a surfer adjusts and readjusts his trim so as to stay as close to the curl as possible.
the curl line is based on the speed of the breaking curl and
the direction which the wave is moving toward the beach.
By determining the point at which the curl will last break on the beach and the best possible take-off spot (where the curl will first break), a surfer can determine direction of the curl and its speed.
Using this as a guideline, he is able to base his maneuvers on this direction, work-
ing on both
sides of the curl line and getting much more out of the
This differs from the "old" style of riding where the surfer constantly tried to position himself on the curl line and ride away from it. This technique allows a surfer to use all of the power the wave has to offer.
much more to it than just getting on a slight angle and
turning back and forth around the curl.
First of all, there is the wave constantly moving and changing, speeding up its curl or slowing it down, getting steeper or flatter. This is where continuous flow becomes a necessity, and only through being able to react to the wave, with the wave, can a surfer really use this technique fully.
By putting combinations of maneuvers together with the movement of the wave, the surfer, his board
wave become one motion.
It is stylish and beautiful, and the rider never insults the wave; he brings out the symmetric beauty of it and makes himself part of it.
Once a rider adjusts his riding to the wave, he becomes rhythmical and combines his moves instead of making them separately. By using the curl line, he can maneuver into it and then follow through, setting himself right into the motion of flowing back into it.
many different maneuvers and combinations.
The turn, the side-slip, the nose ride, the stall, the climb, the drop, the ins, the outs, the ups, the downs are all maneuvers to control tempo.
But the one most important factor is trim, setting trim, breaking trim, adjusting, read-
David Nuuhiwa assaults the curl line with a whip cut-back at Oceanside.
Bob Lonardo drives into a section at Virginia Beach, but will reverse his direction as he takes the drop.
We were No- 1 with the High Performance fin !
It all happened last year when Skip Frye designed his model.
With much experimenting and testing with the fin, the High Performance low area fin evolved.
In March, it made it's debut on the Skip Frye Model and was available at no extra cost on most of our other boards.
The response was unbelievable!
The High Performance fin has been requested on 95% of our boards.
Many individuals have cut their fins down.
We have observed other manufactures using a varied form of our low area fin design.
Many of the competitors in the semi-finals and finals of AAA competition have had high performance shape fins.
It is superb in all areas of high performance or progressive surfing and still beneficial in learning the fundamentals.
We were first to cut it down.
Always look to Gordon and Smith as a leader in design.
Skip Frye, consistent high ranking USSA competitor, noted stylist and high performer, has been surfing and shaping for Gordon and Smith over the past 5 years.
Skip's model is highly suited for the in and out, up and down tempo of modern surfing.
This board it excellent for the competitor or the aggressive surfer, yet easy for the average surfer to ride in ever day conditions.
Skip uses his model in any surf and for all regular competition.
The outside shape has slight hips for turning, the nose is semi-blunt and has a slight kick.
The control ... excellent from the forward third of the board when trimming and nose riding either in the curl or across the soup line.
It is a lightweight performer with a clear finish.
A black High Performance fin is used.
More information? Write us for our Brochure, Price List and Dealers' List.
Clark Foam Exclusively
5002 Santa Fe Street, San Diego, California, 92109.
This tested and proven bumper eliminates nose damage and costly repairs.
Red, blue, white, black, yellow, etc.
Only $3.95 (add 25c for mail order to handle packaging and shipping) Dealer inquiries invited.
JOYCE RESEARCH INC./ 1402-08 Olympic Blvd., Santa Monica, Calif/EX 5-7771
STANDARD CONFIGURATION Length 10' 5" Weight 39 1/2 Ibs. Thickness 3 15/16'' Width 22''
| As it moves back, wings open on both
sides of the "Power Skeg"C causing the board to
be pushed smoothly and rapidly forward.
As the skeg moves forward for the next stroke, the wings fold in and cause no drag.
When you stand up to surf, the motor turns off, the skeg returns and locks into a normal surfing position.
The specially designed, quiet running, dependable electric motor is powered by lightweight batteries.
You can surf all day.
At night, just "plug in your board" and the batteries art recharged for the next day's surfing.
Rentals-Rental revenues are excellent.
At $5 per hour rental fee, the board will pay for itself in a very short time.
The powered board is the first out and the last in.
Clubs -One or more boards per club will supply funds for your treasury.
Aqua Jet is sold only through surf shops - see your local surlboard dealer.
price--$500 F.O.B. San Francisco
Volume 8 Number 5
Copy courtesy of Graham Sorensen Collection.