|The impact of the Malibu design was magnified
by the footage shot for Ampol being shown in cinemas and subsequently in
With huge demand for the new boards and no established supply of balsa wood, compounded by a lack of technical experience with fibreglass, the Malibu design is constructed with the current hollow board technology.
The Racing Sixteen builders, principally Gordon Woods, Bill Wallace, Norm Casey and Barry Bennett in Sydney and Frank Adler in Brisbane, adapted Tom Blake's Hollow Board design of plywood sheets over a strutted timber frame to Malibu dimensions, the result known as the Okinuee.
The enthusiasm for the new design was such
that Gordon Woods had built and tested his first Okinuee before the US
Image right : Gordon Woods' Velzy-Jacobs
fibreglassed balsawood Malibu surfboard, purchased from Bob Burnside (right)
and his first plywood copy.
Curved profile rail shape was a feature
on the Solid wood boards of the 1930's, but the Racing 16 used an easily
constructed square rail.
The Okinuee required the outside rails to be cut of oversized timber and then fixed to the central struts. Crossbeams and solid nose and tail sections completed the frame.
Plywood panels were then fixed, mostly with screws and glue, and a draining plug added.
The solid rail sections were then shaped, much in the manner of the laminated solid wood boards manufactured in Hawaii and mainland USA in the later 1930's.
The addition of the fin was a major structural
difficutly, since it was invarriably added after the board was constructed.
Most common seems to be mitred into the central strut and held mainly by glue and nails.
Some designers were more structurally adventerous and incorporated side supports, a precedent for the use of fibreglass rovings to add side strength to the finbase in the 1960's.
Wood fin, circa 1957
8'' x 9'' base x 0'' span @ 1 inches (Approximation)
Okinuee - Hollow malibu board adaptation.
Note base support and nails.
Darryl Homan collection
Twin Dee/Rounded keel Fins
Plywood timber, 3 1/2" x 8" base,
fixed by dowel through deck and redwood side supports and brass screws
Boat Plans Pty. Ltd. produced a set of
construction plans and instructions for the "Okanoie" in 1957.
|This was not to be the case in New Zealand
were the design specifications were quickly absorbed but the development
of a locally produced fibreglass board was still some years away.
The Levine was a brand name for New Zealand hollow timber board marketed as a do-it-yourself pre-cut kit, circa1958.
Based on the Malibu board (see Okinuee, Australia) it featured a wide square tail, narrow rounded nose and a standard D fin set right at the pod.
Most interesting is the full vee bottom from nose to tail.
Common factory length appears to be 9 ft 1 inch.
Thanks to Tony Reid, New Zealand.
The Okinuee also had a further overseas
1961 Harris, Reg. S.The History
of Manly Life Saving Club 1911-1961
Published by Manly Life Saving Club, NSW Printed by Publicity Press Ltd.
1966 Finney, Ben and Houston, James
D. : Surfing – A History of the Ancient Hawaiian Sport
Pomegranate Books P.O. Box 6099 Rohnert Park, CA 94927 Reprint 1996
1968 Kahanamoku, Duke With Brennan,
Joe: Duke Kahanamoku’s World of Surfing
Angus and Robertson Publishers Sydney , Australia 1972 2nd Edition A&R Paperbacks, Sydney , Australia
1970 Margan, Frank and Finney, Ben
R. : A Pictorial History of Surfing
Paul Hamlyn Pty Ltd, 176 South Creek Road, Dee Why West, NSW 2099.
1964 Pollard, Jack (ed.):
The Australian Surfrider
K.G.Murray Publishing Co.P/L,142 Clarence Street , Sydney Australia
1972 The Best of Tracks
(Vol. I) Editors : Falzon, Albert; Stewart, John; Grissim, John. :
Tracks Publishing Co Pty Ltd. P.O. Box 178 Avalon, NSW.
'Bob McTavish’s Personal History of Surfboard Design – Pods for Primates Parts 1' (pages 120 – 122).
1992 Stell, Marion K. :
Collins Angus & Robertson Publishers (Australia) Pty. Limited
A division of Harper Collins Publishers (Australia) Pty. Limited
25 Ryde Road, Pymble NSW 2073, Australia
1997 Warshaw, Matt : Surfriders
– In Search of the Perfect Wave
Tehabi Books, Inc. Collins Publishers, 10 East 53rd Street, New York, NY 10022
1978 Warwick, Wayne
A Guide to
Surfriding in New Zealand Second Edition
Viking Sevenseas Ltd Wellington, New Zealand
1979 Young, Nat ; Photographs by
McCausland, Bill: Nat Young’s Book of Surfing
A.H. & A.W. Reed Pty. Ltd. 53 Myroora Rd, Terry Hills, Sydney.
1983 Young, Nat with McGregor, Craig
: The History 0f Surfing
Palm Beach Press,40 Palm Beach Road, Palm Beach NSW 2108
1972 Surfing World. Volume 16 #4. Bob Evans : 'remember the time when...' pages 30 to 35.