newspapers : 1939
Team Of Surfers May Visit Hawaii
Surfer Saved, In Peril From Rocks
A blind surfer was rescued by lifesavers at Freshwater yesterday as he was about to be washed against rocks.
The man, who had been surfing on a rubber float, is Eddie Collins, 28, of Railway Parade, Belmore.
He was about 150 yards from the shore, when his plight was noticed.
N, Holliday and W. Wilson, members of the Freshwater Surf Livesaving Club, rescued him, '
Collins cut his heel on a rock, but was otherwise unhurt.
Known On Beaches
Blind since childhood, Collins is akeen surfer, and visits most of the metropolitan beaches.
He is known to the life savers, who keep special watch over him.
He takes his rubber float out to the first line of breakers, and finds his way about in the surf by the voices of others.
"We can't keep him away from the surf, but we worry every time he goes in," his mother, Mrs. F Collins, said last night.
Collins walks unerringly in the streets, sometimes rides a bicycle, and plays a piano accordion.
He works at the Blind Institute.
This surf-board rider, at Manly yesterday, has caught the crest of a huge "breaker" at the right moment for a perfect shoot.
MEN DIFFER ABOUT TITLE CHANCES
International Test Planned At Hawaii
"WaIkikI waves are what we call 'arm-chair rides'," sald Mr. C. J. ("Snow") McAlister, of Manly, triple surf-board champlon of Australia, yesterday.
"The broken surf of Australia demand tremendous skill of the surf-board rider.
"I think our best men have enough skill to match anybody in the surf.
"If they started with the same boards, I think our men would finish in front.
"Some of the Hawaiians I saw in our surf were not very impressive.
"Even Duke Kahanamoku found our surf difficult ro begin with."
ln Hawaii, the Beechcomber (sic) Club of American and Hawaiian University athletes is leading the move for an inter-national test.
A challenge has been received from Honolulu for Australians to match the skill of Amerlcan surf-board champions.
The Daily Telegraph has dlscussed an international surf-board match at Honolulu In July with the Surf Life Saving Executive.
A sub-committee has been appointed to suggest means of finding suitable men to represent Australia.
Australian could match anybody in the surf was made
Mr CIaude West, ex-surfboard champion, who has beaten Honolulu surfboard men in the Australian surf, expressed this view.
The type of surf we have is the toughest in the world to master, and Australians could hold their own in the easier Honolulu surf," said Mr West.
A challenge has been received from Honolulu for Australian surf-board champions to match the skill of Americans.
The Daily Telegraph has dicussed an international test at Honolulu with the Surf Life Saving Associatlon executIve.
A sub-committee is working to suggest means of finding suitable men to represent Australia.
Mr, West, an ex-surf-board champion, yesterday discussed the view of Mr J. M. Ralston, former president of Palm Beach Surf Life Savlng Club, that Hawaiians were unbeatable in thelr own surf.
"I was the first Australian to take up surf-board rlding." he said yesterday.
I Iearnt on Duke Kahanamoku's board, which he left here after introducing surf-board riding to Australia before the war.
"I beat Sam Kahanamoku, his brother of Honolulu, when he came here.
"I beat Ludy Langer, another Honolulu man.
"I saw Mariechen Wehselau, when she came here, and she was not as good as some of our Australian women.
Other Hawaiians I have seen in our surf have been behind our men.
I am certain our surf-board men can hold their own in any surf where surf-boards are ridden.
more skilled and tougher to ride our waves.
"They have to battle out against terrific seas.
"They have to ride a wave that dumps and breaks, manoeuvring their boards bagainst strong undertows.
"Thye smooth, unbroken roller of Honolulu would be a picnic for our men.
"The paddle out to distances up to a mile there would be nothing in their smooth swell.
"Why we would often 65lb. boards from Manly to Freshwater and back thinking nothing of it!
Duke and Sam Kahanamoku and Mariechen Wehselau are amoung the prominent Honolulu surfers who are supporting the move for a surf-board match between America and Australia this year.
this sport has made in Australia!
A few years ago it was hardly known in this country.
The Hawaiians introduced us to this exhilarating, thrilling pastime, and to these romantic tropical islanders is due our warmest thanks.
our race, the youth of Australia has developed the art until
are the equal In skill of their dusky natatorial neighbours.
In fact, in my opinion, we have seen exhibitions by our own lads in Australia that have exceeded the skill of the most talented Hawaiians.
The surf conditions of the Hawaiian Islands differ considerably from those in Australia.
famous Waikiki Beach at Honolulu do not break.
Assisted by a reef some distance off shore, they come in the form of a grand swell or roller.
It is comparatively easy to catch a roller with the long narrow surfboards and ride it right to the shallows, even high and dry on the sands.
The steady, even passage in allows the rider to perform apparently difficult tricks with ease.
Our waves are irregular, bank up to great heights, and break some distance from the shore.
In order to choose the correct type of wave and ride it expertly and safely, one must summon far greater daring and skill than the Waikiki rider has to do.
of boards have been used in Australia.
We started with the small hand-board until to-day the accepted surfboard is a huge specially shaped piece of picked timber having distinctive marine advantages.
The hand-board measures about 12 inches square and is light in weight.
The manipulation of this board is an easy matter.
wave breaks it isplaced in tront of the "shooter," a full
of the lett hand,
at the same time stroking at the side of the body with the right.
When the wave is property mounted, both hands grip the board. holding it almost flat on the water.
The "surfer" is carried shorewards by the wave, head free and shoulders clear and feet free to assist when the wave is losing its strength.
This method is applicable to almost any size wave, and is comparatively simple.
the real surfboard is a much more difficult matter.
It calls for care in selection, water knowledge, choce of wave, and expert manipulation.
for the regulation surf board are:
Length 9ft 6in; width at back end 20in; centre 22in, tapering down to an oval shaped nose of 10 to 12 inches.
Thicknesses vary from 1 3/4in at back, graduating to 3in at the centre, and narrowing to 1in or less at the point.
most suitable timber for surfboards, but if unprocurable,
cedar ls recommended.
Surfboard riding has become an attractive feature at surf carnivals, and the displays and stunts which youthful Australians perform on these huge boards astound onlookers - even the Hawiians themselves.
was verified during the 1915 visit to Australia of famous
and surfboard expert, Duke Kahanamoku.
He enjoyed our surf, but despite his great knowledge of surfboard riding, he admitted that the young Australians excelled his own efforts under the unusual local conditions, of which, of course, he had little experience.
Ofrecent years attempts have beenn made to conquer tbe waves by the introduction or the surf canoe, surf ski, and latterly the surfoplane.
The manipulation or these new devices call for skil and a certain amount of daring, but fail to meet the heights of individual accomplishment which a surfboard rider must attain in Australia.
To begin surfboard riding the novice is advised to make astudy of the Australian surf, paying particular attention to the waves themselves.
types which roll in on our beaches will interest the
the surfboard rider.
They are commonly known as the "roller," or "slide," and the "dumper."
"roller" wave is encountered mostly at high-tide.
The "dumper" is more frequent al low tide, but do not take this as a hard and fast rule.
The "roller,", or slide, is the wave to be ridden; the "dumper" is the wave to be avoided.
It is dangerous and the cause of many accidents, but can be picked up quite safely by one who has become expert in the art of "broaching".
turning the surfboard sideways and parrallel to the wave.
At the same time you
ion in line
iwhen tbe ,rros are thoroughly re axed and
~'Cked out of the water, hending e arms at the elbows and carry-
ng the bands underneatb (en- sUres proper relaxation>, and for- ..."ard ti> the straight out position
.0 front and at the sides of .the- ~ard. .'
IS is the propelling move- ment, and when cOluinued ought-to drive the board and-
rider alol1g at. a fairly fast. rate. ""h.e[1 the ri~er becomes expert
he may now paddle his board t to the wbfoekea wav&;, but- is vised to pick a i day when the ves.re not too big.
-He next picks out the wave ~n hieh he intends to try hie akill, d then ~8Jt~ tbe board so
~ ll.cin 1.8 h 0 reward s~.H ~
Paddling record times in the still water of a Honolulu canal, over a distance from 100 yards to a mile, are held by Tom Blake, an American." said Mr. Russell yesterday.
"My tests, over the same distances and in the harder water of Pittwater, showed just about the same time." he said.
Mr. Russell was timed at Pittwater by Dr. T. H. Guthrie, of Whale Beach,.
"We contend that Australians, their stamina toughened by our terrific seas, could match Honolulu men at paddling a board." he said.
"And their waves would be easy for us as laying on a bed."
In the Pittwater tests, a light hollow board of special three ply, about 15 feet 4ins. long was used.
The board was built by Mr. Russell , who considers it as fast as boards used at Honolulu.
It weighs about 30lb., whereas a solid board would weigh about 60lb (?, unclear transcription)." he said.
A challenge has been received from Honolulu for Australians to match the skill of American surfboard champions.
The Daily Telegraph has discussed an international test at Honolulu with the Surf Life Saving Association executive.
is an art that can never be perfected.
We in Australia learnt the rudiments after seeing the Hawaiian, Duke Kahanamoku, before the war.
Now, I think we could teach our teachers.
No other Hawaiian has ever managed to duplicate the Duke's amazing skil.
Such noted swimmers as Sam Kahanamoku, Ludy Langer, Pua Kealoah, and Bill Harris came here with big reputations.
They were adepts in their own surf but were "all at sea" when tying to shoot the huge dumping breakers on Sydney beaches.
Handling a board on Sydney beaches
requires split-second timing and judgment; whereas Hawaiians had been used to waves in Honolulu which side slowly.
Australians, with constant practicein rough and dangerous surf, have become proficient to a remarkable degree.
Even the largest "dumpers" can be held if the rider "broaches" his board down the face of the steep wave.
"Broaching" a board means to turn the board underneath the rider and parallel to the breaker, pressing heavily on the edge nearest the wave.
When the main force of the wave is spent, the board is swung back under the body into normal position.
Standing on the head while shooting to the beach is easily the most spectacular feat.
It requires great skill and concentration.
But perhaps the most thrilling to the rider, although not so interesting to the specator, is "funneling", or riding the "corner" of a sliding wave.
This means manoeuvring the board to keep on the breaking corner of the wave, and shooting right across the face of the wave.
Twice the speed is obtained because if the run into the beach is 300 yards, there is the possibility of gaining another 300 yards across the beach with the wave.
It takes a beginner a full season to learn to handle his board in our surf.
The following season he can start to learn tricks.
But he never finishes learning.
Some of the hardest feats on a board, necessating years of practice, are:-
ChangIng board by stepping from one to another, when two riders are on the same wave.
Standing up backwards on the board while shooting shorewards.
Standing upright with a light passenger astride your shoulders.
Riding a wave tandem, both standing.
The direction of the board coming down a wave can be varied by using the foot as a tiller or by cupping the water with the hands.
Normally, a well constructed and well-handled board will keep its correct course.
Since the proposal to send an Australian team of surf-board riders to Honolulu was first mooted, several of Australia's greatest swimmers have asked me to teach them to use the board.
Tommy Adrian, former Australian swimming coach of "Boy" Charlton, always believed in the use of surf boards in conjunction with baths training for swimming.
So, apparently, did Duke Kahanamoku who was at one time world's champion sprint swimmer.
The whole scheme has developed from a Daily Telegraph plan for a team of surf-board men to accept a Honolulu challenge to match Hawaiians in their surf.
A sub-committee to organise a team of at least 10 men, and to raise funds towards sending it away was appointed at the meeting of the delegate council of the Surf Life saving Association last night.
Further backing is being found by the Australian National Travel Association and The Daily Telegraph.
Surf Club Leaders Hail Proposal - Page 2, Cols. 4& 5.
Harry M. Hay, Australia's foremost swimmimg and surf
coach.- Tommy Walker,
one-time surfboard champion at Manly (N.S.W.), writes:
saw an article
by you in 'The Referee' re surfboards, so
enclose a photo of myself
and surfboard taken in 1909 at Manly.
was a well
known figure at Manly at the time he writes about.
* * *
He brought three other lads into the enterprise and between them they raised the necessary capital to buy a hook and line and to hire a tent in which to install the monster of the depth.
had lo catch their fish.
They selected Fairy Bower beach as their base and set a watch on the hill overlooking it.
had lo catch their fish.
They selected Fairy Bower beach as their base and set a watch on the hill overlooking it.
day of their vigil, the required shark was sighted.
Like a policeman on his beat, he came leisurely from the direction of South Steyne.
And he was a whopper, a tiger, 14ft 2in in length, as was proved later.
He was duly landed struggling on to the beach and a curious public had paid £12/10/- to view him when the Council's inspector of nuisances intervened to the manifest relief of the residents in the vicinity.
But one may ask, "Where does the hero stuff come in?"
Well, it was this way.
When the shark was sited, the watchers on the hill signalled to Tommy (who was waiting on the beach) and he immediately set out in a small dinghy to drop the bait at the spot it was anticipated the shark would cross.
So Tommy swam with the bait, a 7lb salmon, and lilerally spilt it into Ihe shark's mouth.
The shark grabbed it - and the rest was easy.
Someone said, "I wouldn't have done that for £10,000."
Tommy replied simply, "There was no danger - when salmon are about, a shark has no time for anything else,"
Miss Schilling had crossed a deep channel and was resting on a sandbank, and was watching Walker shooting.
like a fish.
This was at it time when large surfboards were unknown in Australian waters.
However, Walker did not need any adventitious (sic) aids when shooting, at which he was one of the recognised adepts.
II was impracticable, however, to shoot right into the sand because of the channel, which banked the surf up.
shoot, Walker appeared to be in sore trouble in the channel.
His scream for help galvanised the dancing star into action.
strokes, swimming trudgeon style, she quickly covered the
yards to reach the youth who was sinking for the third
He appeared to be in a fit and struggled violently as the gallant lady swam with him to the shore.
* * *
Just at this moment the professional lifesaver, the late 'Appy Eyre, arrived, and he worked on the unconscious form of Walker, who, when he came to his senses, ejaculated, "Well this is the last time I'll go surfing immediately after a heavy breakfast."
rang with the story, and the performance at the Royal was
held up that
night when Miss Schilling appeared on the stage.
Members of the audience from all parts of the theatre rose and cheered, and cheered, and cheered again.
And Tommy -
Just about that time, a week beforehand, in fact, Claude Eric Ferguson McKay had been appointed to the position as Williamson's publicity man.
Walker, if unwittingly, had brought one of Williamson's stars into the limelight - had given her the opportunity of appearing as a heroine in a drama off the stage.
He presented Walker with a brand new £5 note.
|Poltalloch off the Colombia River, circa 1913.|
|Poltalloch aground at Willapa Bay, circa 1900.|